The Arkansas Supreme Court has struck down a state law barring unmarried gay and straight couples from adopting or serving as foster parents. The Court ruled that the law was unconstitutional because it “burdens the privacy rights of ‘opposite-sex and same-sex individuals’ who engage in private, consensual sexual conduct in the bedroom by foreclosing their eligibility to foster or adopt children’’ The law at issue was approved by voters in a 2008 statewide ballot initiative. The law, while neutral on its face, was intended to target gay couples. It would have effectively banned gay and lesbian couples from adopting or fostering children because they can not legally marry in Arkansas. The ACLU brought the suit on behalf of a group of families, while the Alliance Defense Fund, an alliance of Christian lawyers, defended the law in court.